Illawarra Plum

Podocarpus elatus, known as the Plum Pine, or the Brown Pine is a species of Podocarpus endemic to the east coast of Australia, in eastern New South Wales and eastern Queensland.

It is a medium-sized to large evergreen tree growing to 30-36 m tall with a trunk up to 1.5 m diameter. The leaves are lanceolate, 5-15 cm long (to 25 cm long on vigorous young trees) and 6-18 mm broad. The seed cones are dark blue-purple, berry-like, with a fleshy base 2-2.5 cm diameter bearing a single oval or globose seed 1 cm in diameter.


The fleshy part of the seed cone is edible, used in condiments. The timber was prized for furniture, joinery, boat planking, lining and piles in salt water. Podocarpus elatus is an attractive ornamental tree. In older Australian suburbs it can be seen lining the street, such as at Baldry Street, Chatswood.

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